Sunday, December 18, 2011


Cuscus marsupial mammals
Fitch is one of the marsupial mammals that exist in Indonesia. Like kangaroos, cuscus females give birth to her son and then care for and bring in a bag that contained in the stomach.
Couscous is often considered the same animal with the lemurs, but they are different. The main characteristic rat-pack of other than that contained in the stomach pouch is a form of a round face with small ears and thick fur.
Besides couscous has a long and powerful tail that serves as a tool to hold while moving from one branch to another branch. Tail possum is also a defensive weapon by tying his tail firmly on the trunk or branches of trees.
Bear cuscus (Ailurops ursinus) is the largest cuscus (image: wikipedia)
Couscous is a herbivorous animal with the main meal of leaves and fruits. These animals are very quiet solitary life. A species of cuscus australis limited spreading in eastern Indonesia (Sulawesi, Moluccas, Papua), Australia and Papua New Guinea.

The biggest bear cuscus cuscus (Ailurops ursinus) the length of the body to achieve a better meter. While couscous is the smallest type of rat-pack of dwarf who has a body length of only 29-38 cm with a weight of only 1 kg.
Besides regarded as the same species with lemurs, people are also more often regarded as a species of possum. Though couscous consists of several species in 5 genera namely terkelompokkan Ailurops, Phalanger, Spilocuscus, Strigocuscus, and Trichosurus.
Type Kuskus sorts. Of the 5 genera couscous, 4 genera found in Indonesia namely Ailurops, Phalanger, Spilocuscus and Strigocuscus. Several species of possum species found in Indonesia, including:
Bear cuscus (Ailurops ursinus); Kuskus which in English is called Cuscus Bear, Phalanger Bear, or Bear Cuscus Sulawesi is located on the island of Sulawesi, the island Butung, Peleng Island, Togian island, Indonesia. The biggest couscous with a body length of more than 1 meter are categorized by IUCN Redlist the conservation status of "Vulnerable" (Vulnerable).
Gebe cuscus (Phalanger alexandrae); Kuskus Gebe is endemic to the island, small island in Central Halmahera, Maluku, Indonesia) and recently discovered in 1995. Conservation status "Endangered" (endangered species).
Mountain or mountain cuscus cuscus (Phalanger carmelitae)-There is in Papua (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Conservation status of "Least Concern" (low risk).
Soil or ground cuscus cuscus (Phalanger gymnotis)-There is in Papua (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Conservation status of "Least Concern".
Matabiru couscous or Blue-eyed Cuscus (Phalanger matabiru); is cuscus species endemic island of Ternate and Tidore, Moluccas. Which fitch newly identified in 1995 is the conservation status of "Vulnerable".
Cuscus Australia or Southern Common Cuscus (Phalanger mimicus); have a broad distribution covering Australia, Indonesia, (Papua) and Papua New Guinea. Conservation status: "Least Concern".
Northern Common Cuscus (Phalanger orientalis); Kuskus also called Common Phalanger Grey Cuscus and is found in Indonesia (the island of Timor, Wetar, Leti, Ambon, Buru, Ceram, and several other islands in the Moluccas), Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea, and Kep. Solomons. Conservation status: "Least Concern".
Ornate Cuscus or Moluccan Cuscus (Phalanger ornatus); There on the island of Halmahera, Bacan, and Morotai. Conservation status of "Least Concern".
Island obi Obi cuscus or Cuscus (Phalanger rothschildi); There on the island of Obi and may, Maluku. Conservation status of "Least Concern".
Silky Cuscus (Phalanger sericeus); There on the island of Papua (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Possum who lived at an altitude between 1500-3600 meters above sea level is the conservation status of "Least Concern".
Stein's Cuscus (Phalanger vestitus); Wildlife is located on the island of Papua (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Possum who lived at an altitude between 1200-2200 meters above sea level is the conservation status of "Least Concern".
Common Spotted Cuscus (Spilocuscus maculatus); There are in Indonesia (Maluku island of Yapen, kep. Aru, Papua), Australia, and Papua New Guinea. Conservation status of "Least Concern".
Pygmy possum (Strigocuscus celebensis); Kuskus also called Small Cuscus Sulawesi, Celebes Cuscus Little, Small Cuscus is the smallest possum found in Sulawesi and surrounding islands such as Sangihe and Siau. Conservation status of "Vulnerable".
Other species of cuscus:
Eastern Common Cuscus (P. intercastellanus); Papua New Guinea.
Woodlark Cuscus (P. lullulae); Papua New Guinea.
Telefomin Cuscus (Phalanger matanim); Papua New Guinea.
Short-eared Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus canines); Australia.
Common Brushtail Possum (T. vulpecula); Australia.
But Many Maintained protected. Fitch is one of the protected animals in Indonesia based on the PP. No. 7 of 1999 concerning the preservation of plants and animals. But it turns out a lot of cute animals and maintained freely traded.
Indonesia Legislation (pp. No. 7 of 1999) were included only the genus Phalanger without detailing perspesies. Even the three other genera (Ailurops, Strigocuscus and Spilocuscus) is not contained in it.
Scientific Classification: Kingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Chordata; Class: mammals; Subclass: marsupials; Order: Diprotodontia; Sub-order: Phalangeriformes; Family: Phalangeridae; Genus: Ailurops, Phalanger, Spilocuscus, Strigocuscus, and Trichosurus; Species: see article .

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